Surveying by traditional systems has been completely replaced by highly automated systems. Total stations, GPS (Global Positioning Systems), remote sensing, and GIS (Geographic Information Systems) have become inseparable from surveying.
In the development and planning of civil engineering and mining projects, field surveys are first conducted and various types of survey maps are prepared. These maps and drawings are used to make various decisions regarding planning, design, estimation, implementation, and construction processes.
Therefore, engineers must know the various methods and instruments required for surveying. They must also have the skills and information to handle and operate the necessary surveying instruments. It is also important that the engineer be familiar with the use of advanced surveying equipment such as total stations, GPS, and related software in order to develop the knowledge and competence required for field surveying. Therefore, this course is one of the core courses required for civil, mining, environmental, and transportation engineers. Students are expected to acquire the necessary competencies for surveying related work.
Before development and planning process for any civil engineering or mining project, at first field survey of that area is carried out and various type of survey maps are prepared. These maps and drawing are used for taking various decisions regarding the planning, designing, estimation, execution and construction process etc.
The engineers should therefore know the various methods and instruments required for surveying. They should also have the skill and information to handle and operate the needed survey instruments. It is also important for them to be well aware about the use of advance surveying instrument such as total station, GPS and related software to enhance the knowledge and abilities required for surveying in field. This course is therefore one of the core courses required for civil, mining, environmental and transportation engineers. Students are advised to master the desired skills which are expected from them for survey related works.