Civil engineering is a specialized engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and natural built environment, including roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewers, pipelines, structural components of buildings, railroads, and other public works.
Engineering has been a part of life since the beginning of mankind. Between 4000 and 2000 B.C., civil engineering is believed to have begun in ancient Egypt, the Indus Valley civilization, and Mesopotamia (ancient Iraq). During this period, transportation became increasingly important, leading to the development of the wheel and sailing ships.
Until modern times, there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture, and the terms engineer and architect referred to the same profession, mainly due to geographical differences, and of ten meant the same thing. The construction of the pyramids in Egypt (ca.2700-2500B.C.) was the first example of large-scale structural construction. In the 18th century, the term civil engineering was coined to incorporate all things civilian as opposed to military engineering.
About the Book
This book covers the entire syllabus of basic civil engineering. The author has tried to make the content accessible to students by providing neat sketches, illustrations, and practical problems where necessary. The author hopes that students and faculty will whole heartedly embrace this book. Any corrections or suggestions for improvement are welcome.