The ultimate goal is to provide smart buildings, i.e., buildings designed or renovated with intelligence (smart design) that can interact intelligently with the environment and users (smart people), using the best typology (smart form) and technological solutions in terms of both architecture (smart envelope) and equipment (smart systems), and other.
In view of this strategic goal, the building envelope plays an important role and has recently undergone a thorough review of its characteristics and requirements in order to find technical solutions that can guarantee the continuous regulation of environmental flows in relation to climatic and environmental conditions.
About the Book
The purpose of this book (smart buildings) is to provide readers with a state-of-the-art review of the latest advances in building materials and building design. The book considers both design and materials aspects, with a particular focus on the next generation of building materials and cutting-edge products currently on the market as high-priority, energy-efficient building envelope components. The book is divided into three major parts.
The first part
After introducing the issues related to the design process in the third millennium and the differences between zero-energy buildings, green buildings, and smart buildings in Part I, this book addresses the issue of smart buildings, focusing on the building envelope and the enormous new possibilities offered by smart materials and nano It describes how the envelope can be “adapted” by the enormous new possibilities offered by smart materials and nanotechnology.
- Chapter1 provides an overview of emerging issues related to building design and presents design strategies to maximize building efficiency, sustainability, and building quality.
- Chapter2 provides an overview of the state-of-the-art materials currently available to reconcile the architectural features of buildings with the emerging issues of energy and environmental efficiency.
The second part
on the latest solutions for insulation, so-called smart insulation, presents extensive and thorough research on the most innovative insulation materials, ranging from nanotechnologies to bio ecological materials and PCMs, and describes their technical properties, performance levels, and uses.
- Chapter3 focuses on the importance of the thermal-humidity properties of opaque closures in building energy efficiency.
- Chapter4 focuses on innovative solutions for insulation of opaque closures in new and existing buildings and discusses future prospects and developments in detail.
- Chapter5 focuses on the importance of the thermal capacity of the building envelope for energy efficiency and indoor thermal comfort and presents the most innovative smart materials for latent heat storage in new and existing buildings.
- Chapter6 provides a detailed analysis of reflective coatings (cool roofs) available on the market and their potential for application in new and existing buildings and their potential for increasing building energy efficiency and reducing the urban heat island effect.
- Chapter7 focuses on the most innovative solutions for improving the thermal transmittance of glazing. Examples include double and triple glazing, rare gas filling, low-emissivity coatings, suspended film glazing, vacuum insulated glass, monolithic aerogels, heated glazing, and glazed double-skin facades.
- Chapter8 describes the role of glazing in day lighting and solar control to achieve maximum day lighting and energy efficiency levels by avoiding summer overheating and taking advantage of winter solar gain.
- Chapter9 describes the most innovative high-performance dynamic glazing systems, which not only reduce heat loss but also control maximum solar radiation in winter and minimum in summer to ensure the best natural lighting conditions without glare.
- Chapter10 focuses on the role of glass surfaces as energy generating components.